Are Dogs Smarter Than Cats?

dogs smarter than cats

A team of researchers said that the number of neurons in the dog has twice as many as the cat brains.

The answer may be one of our most contentious debates. In fact, dogs come with twice the number of neurons in their cerebral cortexes than cats. That also means dogs may be about twice as intelligent as well.

Sure, this finding will be going to publish in the journal Frontiers in Neuroanatomy soon. A team of researchers from six different universities contributed to this research such as in the U.S, Denmark, Brazil, as well as South Africa.

Especially, one of these study’s authors has become neurologist Suzana Herculano-Houzel. The now Vanderbilt professor studied cognitive function in humans as well as animals during the past decade. For the most precise measurement, she has to count neurons found in the brain that has the purpose of transmitting messages.

According to her, you should take the brain. Then, turn it into a soup in order to find these neurons. She said we can estimate the number of neurons present thanks to the research of ending up with a lot of suspended nuclei from neuron cells.

Why use neurons?

According to Herculano-Houzel, Neurons are considered as the basic information processing units. Also, you can be able to discern the animal thanks to these units in the brain. In order to make her results-yielding brain soup, she had to use only a part of the brain that is called the cerebral cortex on the top of the brain’s other pieces. Actually, different parts of the brain process outside the stimuli such as the cerebral cortex, sight, and touch, as well as among other functions.

According to Herculano-Houzel, the cortex gives complexity and flexibility in the brains. In order to have an idea of the number of neurons dogs and cats, the team had to use three brains including one from a golden retriever, one from a cat, and one from a mixed-breed small dog. They have to use two brains because there are many different sizes of the canines.

In spite of varying in size of the dogs’ brains, there are about 500 million neurons. This is more than double the 250 million they have found in the cat’s brain.

Dog facial expressions change when humans watch them

Depending on the number of neurons found, the team speculated that dogs offer roughly the same intelligence as lions and raccoons. And, domestic cats have the same intelligence as bears. The fact is that humans include the highest number of neurons in our cerebral cortexes. In addition, orangutans and gorillas come with about eight to nine billion neurons. And, it’s about six to seven billion neurons for chimpanzees.

In fact, there are about 5.6 billion neurons in the most intelligent non-primate animals they have studied, elephants. But, they also include higher-than-typical neuron counts in the cerebellums that have the purpose of controlling motor skills. That’s why they can wield their hefty trunks.

The measure of intelligence

The researchers add scientific clout to a household debate about dogs and cats. They are considered as a larger effort in order to use neurons like one quantifiable measure of intelligence.

There are many controversial works to quantify intelligences that measured structural complexity as well as brain size.

According to Sarah Benson-Amram, a scientist at the University of Wyoming’s Animal Behavior, she has found some support in carnivorous animals that come to better problem solving. But, the fact is not that larger brain size universally will lead to higher intelligence.

Also, she said that we surely need more research on this topic if we want to definite the meaningful brain size across different animal groups. Then, we can determine a measure of intelligence thanks to it.

According to Herculano-Houzel, it’s just one when counting neurons. But, this may be considered as the most effective to date when it comes to measuring intelligence. Also, this is not your number of neurons. In fact, there are a number of animals with similar-sized brains. But, they don’t have the same numbers of neurons.

Are dogs smarter than cats?

Researchers at Vanderbilt University have found that dogs are smarter than cats. As noted above, dogs include twice as many neurons as cats.

Indeed, dogs can be able to do much more flexible and complex things with their lives than cats. Moreover, dogs love their people five times more than cats, according to The Vanderbilt study conducted by researchers for a BBC documentary.

The Vanderbilt researchers also have done some research about the brains of a ferret, raccoon, mongoose, lion, hyena, and brown bear aside from dogs and cats. And, they realized that domesticated animals as cat, dog, and the ferret don’t come with a significantly different ratio of brain size compared to wild animals such as hyenas, brown bears, and lions.

 

Reasons Why Dogs Make Good Pets

Reasons Why Dogs Make Good Pets

As a loyal and protective animal, the dog has become a human companion for more a long period of time. Especially, this is one of the first domesticated animals in history. In fact, dogs can be able to make us laugh more than cats. They also keep us active. Plus, they can reduce our chances of depression as well. This article will give you reasons why dogs make good pets. Check out to get more.

Dogs Make Us Laugh

In fact, people who get a dog to their home will laugh over the course of a day. Furthermore, people who have just dogs and both dogs and cats normally laugh more than the other two groups.

Dogs Are Loyal

Nowadays, there are a lot of domesticated house dog between 18,800 and 32,100 years ago. They are evolved from wolves. You know, Wolves actually live in packs and developing strong bonds between other members. That’s why today’s dogs are so loyal.

You are More Social with a Dog

According to a team of scientists at the Universities of Liverpool and Bristol in the UK, UK residents with dogs can be able to encounter other dogs as well as dog owners than ones with no dog. In addition, the average American tends to get a dog than the other common house pet like a cat.

Dogs can Keep Us Healthy

Dogs even can be able to prevent us from poor health. Indeed, when living in households with a dog, you can get a lower risk of developing some problems such as asthma and allergies caused by dust.

According to a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. If you expose to dust from households that have dogs inside and outside, you can avoid allergens caused by an altered community of microbes in mice’s gut. The fact is that these microbes can help to prevent young children from developing allergens.

We are More Active with Dogs

Obesity is one of the most concerns today. That’s why you need to get regular exercise. The fact is that 60% of dog owners can meet federal criteria for regular moderate as well as vigorous exercise. Indeed, they have to take their dogs to walk regularly. The Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services showed that elderly people walking their pets will get a more regular exercise routine.

Dogs can Save Lives

In spite of not being a cat’s best friend, many lucky cats were saved by a blood transfusion from dogs. In fact, some dogs come with a universal blood-donor type that can be used to save the cat’s life. In addition, dogs can be able to help humans thanks to acting as an early warning system for patients with seizures as well. Trained dogs can help the patient prevent injury from falling down.

We can Get a Sense of Purpose from Dogs

Dogs are considered as a good companion for anyone, especially for the elderly. According to the Journal of Social Psychology, the elderly who have a dog normally feel more satisfied with their physical, social, and emotional state than other people without a dog.

We will Feel Happy with Dogs

Just by making eye contact with your dog, you can release the feel-good chemical that is called oxytocin. In fact, if you don’t look directly at your dog, you will get the lower oxytocin levels than making regular eye contact.

In addition, you will also be less depressed, have higher self-esteem, be happier, less lonely, and experience less perceived stress if you own a dog.

Responsibility

It is really a great experience when you own a dog. The thing you need is just the responsibility. Before actually buying a dog, you need to foster him for a few weeks. By this way, you can determine what kind of schedule you need to keep.

The benefits of owning a dog

It’s a great thing when you have a long walk with your furry friend on a fresh morning. You may not know that your dogs can be able to repay the love ten-fold when you give them. Dog owners will have lower blood pressure than others. Also, they have a stronger immune system to prevent sickness and bugs.

Children with a furry friend will get fewer days off school because of sickness. A dog is a great choice for those who stay alone. Dogs may be also fantastic fun. They are capable of making you laugh at the end of a hard day. In addition, you can also the valuable time to be with your faithful friend by walking with him.

Most importantly, you have to think very thoroughly before deciding to get a dog. This is a hard work because he will rely on you for many years later.

How to Discipline a Dog that Pees inside

You have to teach your puppy a lot when he grows into an adult dog. It’s hard to avoid that he occasionally show bad behavior. That’s why you need to learn the way to react to such bad behavior. In addition, it’s also important to learn how to reward and foster good behavior. Take your time to discipline him so that he becomes a good canine citizen.

React to Bad Behavior

Start disciplining early

You need to start disciplining your dog as soon as you bring him to your home. You just need to show what behavior is acceptable and unacceptable in your house. Then, your dog will learn them. But, they have to be consistent with bad behavior. And, it’s easier to prevent the bad behavior.

Ignore bad behaviors

It’s best to ignore your dog when he tries to get your attention by nipping at your fingers, jumping up, or barking. Instead, you should look for what reward he is trying to get when participating in bad behavior. Your dog is jumping up on you as you go home. That means he needs your attention. Teach him how to get your attention by acting differently. Of course, your dog will know how to earn your attention and affection with good behaviors.

Distract as well as redirect him

You can make a loud noise in order to get your pet’s attention. You can clap your hands when you want your dog to do something undesirable like squatting to urinate on the carpet. By this way, you can distract him from the bad behavior gradually. Then, it’s time to direct his attention to desirable behavior.

Use time-outs effectively

If your dog makes any bad behavior, you need to remove him from any cause of the behavior. It’s best to take your dog to a different environment such as a quiet room in the house. You should keep him there for 10 to 30 seconds. Next, remove your puppy as if nothing happened. If he still doesn’t stop, you need to wait until he does. It’s important to do that once you notice the bad behavior.

Prevent him from barking

The best thing you should do is ignoring his barking. If your dog tries to earn your attention, he will surely stop right after. But, remember to determine why your dog’s barking if he doesn’t stop barking despite your inattention. Then, remove it. If your dog continues to bark, you should take him to another room for a few minutes. Or, giving your dog something to chew is also a great idea such as a rope toy.

Keep your dog from nipping

Your dog has to learn limits when he plays rough. If he nips, let’s say “ouch” and yelp. It’s best to leave him about 20 seconds after letting go of your hands. By this way, you can teach him that you won’t allow him to play rough. Don’t pull your hands when he nips. Of course, he will consider this as part of the game. And, he will chase you.

Don’t use physical punishment

If you use physical punishment for your puppy, it can increase aggression in him. Thus, don’t use physical punishment if you want to correct undesirable puppy behavior. In addition, this can injure your puppy. Most importantly, the physical punishment can also ruin your relationship.

Encourage Good Behavior

Determine what motivates your dog

Your dog is a very social creature. He needs your attention as well as affection. So, you should pay attention to him when he best responds to. There is no reason why you don’t reward your dog’s good behavior. This way purposes to help him get a positive association with the behavior.

Create your dog a routine

Your pet seems to know what to expect. So, we recommend you to make a daily routine with set times for toileting, meals walks, as well as training sessions. And, your dog surely knows what to expect. You can regulate your dog’s behavior thanks to a routine.

Reassert your dominance over him

If you want your dog to respect you more, you need to take clear control over him. You can use a stern tone of voice when you want to command him. For instance, you can make him sit and wait briefly before you give him a food dish.

Train your dog

It’s important to teach him a few basic commands such as SIT, COME, and STAY. This way aims to help you notice his engaging in bad behavior. Then, you can right now redirect his attention. Also, you need to command your dog to “sit” or “stay” when he intends to do something dangerous. This helps to reach him.

Get help

If your dog tries to resist your training, it’s time to look for a help. Indeed, your vet can help you. It’s also a good idea to enroll him in an obedience training class. Your vet will teach you some useful tips to learn what to expect from the training sessions.

Does your dog hate nail trims?

If your dog hates getting his or her nails trimmed, there is hope! If you have a puppy, get his or her nails trimmed regularly, and have puppy massage time when you pet your dog’s feet, ears, head, back, tail, being sure to gently squeeze the areas as well. This will get your puppy used to being touched, and will help out with future vet visits as well.

If you have an adolescent or adult dog who hates getting nail trims, you can use a very effective strategy called desensitization. Desensitization is the process of gradually adjusting your dog to the uncomfortable situation until the situation is no longer uncomfortable.

Depending on just how uncomfortable your dog is, you can start in one of several places with this.

  • The first one is to clip just a couple of your dog’s nails at a time. Clip 2-3 nails every 2-3 days, or even every other day until all of your dog’s nails are clipped.
  • If more than one nail at a time is too much, go for one nail at a time, every couple days.
  • If that is too much, then distract your dog with a treat that they can take little bites from or put a frozen jar of baby food in front of your dog’s face to distract him or her while you clip a nail or two.
  • For some dogs, it’s the clip of the nail trimmer that freaks them out, work on desensitizing your dog to the sounds of the clippers. Get some treats, and click the clippers, then give your dog a treat. Do this a few times over the course of a few days until your dog looks to you for a treat when he or she hears the click.

Start at what your dog can tolerate, and gradually increase until you can clip multiple nails (or all of them) in one sitting.

It’s also important to choose your battles with things like this – if your dog can tolerate a few nails being clipped over the course of a week, maybe that’s the way you clip your dog’s nails. It’s not worth stressing your dog out to go to a groomer and do it all at once, if it gets easy to do it that way at home!

Another option is to ditch the clippers and try a nail grinder. Just be sure to go slowly, don’t do too much at a time, and be careful not to get your hair (or your dog’s fur) in the wheel. If your dog has never heard a grinder before, take some time to get your dog used to the sound. Turn it on, give your dog a treat, turn it off. Repeat a few times and then that’s it for the day. When your dog doesn’t show any signs of nervousness when you turn the grinder on, try a nail or two.

With a little patience and perseverance, you will be cutting your dog’s nails stress-free in no time!